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Butternut*

Juglans cinerea

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Butternut (Juglans cinerea) at Squak Mountain Nursery

Butternut

Butternut

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Butternut (Juglans cinerea) at Squak Mountain Nursery

Butternut foliage

Butternut foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

* This is a "special order" plant - contact store for details

Height:  50 feet

Spread:  40 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  2

Other Names:  White Walnut

Description:

A medium sized shade tree with a wide spreading canopy and interestingly textured compound leaves; sweet oily walnuts are edible and attract squirrels, can be somewhat messy in fall; possibly the hardiest of all nut trees

Edible Qualities

Butternut is a large tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. It produces large brown round nuts in hard shells which are usually ready for picking from early to late fall. The nuts have a sweet taste and an oily texture.

The nuts are most often used in the following ways:

  • Fresh Eating
  • Baking

Features & Attributes

Butternut has dark green foliage throughout the season. The large pinnately compound leaves turn yellow in fall. The flowers are not ornamentally significant. It produces brown nuts in late fall. The fruit can be messy if allowed to drop on the lawn or walkways, and may require occasional clean-up.

This is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting squirrels to your yard. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Aside from its primary use as an edible, Butternut is sutiable for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade
  • Orchard/Edible Landscaping

Planting & Growing

Butternut will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 6 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more. This is a self-pollinating variety, so it doesn't require a second plant nearby to set fruit.

This tree is typically grown in a designated area of the yard because of its mature size and spread. It should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America.

 

* This is a "special order" plant - contact store for details

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Shade  Orchard 
Applications
Fruit  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features

Disclaimer - This Plant Finder tool is an online resource representing many of the varieties that we carry over the course of the season, and is intended for informational purposes only. Inventory varies seasonally, so we cannot guarantee that every plant will be in stock at all times - please contact the store directly for availability. It does not include our entire inventory of plants, so be sure to visit our store to see varieties that may not be represented on this list.