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Scarlet Firethorn

Pyracantha coccinea

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Scarlet Firethorn (Pyracantha coccinea) at Squak Mountain Nursery

Scarlet Firethorn fruit

Scarlet Firethorn fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Scarlet Firethorn (Pyracantha coccinea) at Squak Mountain Nursery

Scarlet Firethorn fruit

Scarlet Firethorn fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  12 feet

Spread:  12 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  5

Description:

A broadleaf evergreen which features brilliant orange-red fruit in fall lasting throughout winter, very showy, also bears smallish white flowers in spring; suitable for espalier use, needs full sun and well-drained soil, can be susceptible to fireblight

Ornamental Features

Scarlet Firethorn is primarily grown for its highly ornamental fruit. The tomato-orange fruits are held in abundance in spectacular clusters from early to late fall. It features showy clusters of white flowers held atop the branches in late spring. It has dark green foliage. The glossy oval leaves turn coppery-bronze in fall.

Landscape Attributes

Scarlet Firethorn is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This shrub will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Disease
  • Spiny

Scarlet Firethorn is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Mass Planting
  • Hedges/Screening
  • General Garden Use
  • Topiary

Planting & Growing

Scarlet Firethorn will grow to be about 12 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 feet. It tends to be a little leggy, with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more.

This shrub does best in full sun to partial shade. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils, and is subject to chlorosis (yellowing) of the leaves in alkaline soils. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. This species is not originally from North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Accent  Massing  Screening  Garden  Topiary 
Applications
Flowers  Fruit  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features

Disclaimer - This Plant Finder tool is an online resource representing many of the varieties that we carry over the course of the season, and is intended for informational purposes only. Inventory varies seasonally, so we cannot guarantee that every plant will be in stock at all times - please contact the store directly for availability. It does not include our entire inventory of plants, so be sure to visit our store to see varieties that may not be represented on this list.